What is Hot Mix Asphalt?

Hot mix asphalt also known as plant mix or blacktop, is an engineered mixture of aggregate and sand, with liquid asphalt cement, (a petroleum product) Varying sizes of aggregates are heated, then mixed, in exact proportions, with asphalt cement that has been liquefied at about 300 – 325 degrees. While the mixture is still hot, it is delivered to your jobsite and installed on top of a base or subgrade that has already been prepared.

Hot mix asphalt is attractive and it creates an inviting driveway. It’s quick to pave with and use. It’s easy to maintain and looks great. Homeowners like hot mix asphalt for the same reasons that road builders do. It provides an all-weather, smooth, sound-absorbing driving surface with an attractive appearance that’s easy to maintain and it lasts for years.
Asphalt can look good and perform well for years, but only if it’s installed correctly. We use our own dump trucks to bring the asphalt so it gets delivered on time while its still hot, well maintained state of the art equipment to install our asphalt, self-propelled, self-leveling pavers for a consistent thickness and uniform surface, vibrating rollers and plate compactors so we can achieve sufficient compaction and most importantly our own full time, well trained, experienced crews.

Your asphalt should not only compliment your property, but it should be constructed for your terrain and aesthetic situation. No two jobs are exactly alike. With Standard Paving you’ll find that our driveways are constructed for maximum durability, function and appearance. We build our driveways from the ground up, because what’s underneath is just as important as what goes on top.

Here is a brief description of the most common types of asphalt paving jobs that we do.

Asphalt recapping:

This is the process of installing a new asphalt surface over existing asphalt or concrete, using it as the base. Almost without exception recapping is the method used when State Highways, City Streets, County Roads and Commercial Parking Lots need to be replaced. Since 1 inch of asphalt is the structural equivalent of 3” of gravel base recapping is typically a far superior method of paving than paving over gravel or a remove and replace.

Remove and Replace (R&R):

This is the process of removing an existing asphalt surface entirely to the gravel base beneath and installing a new asphalt surface. This is the right way to go when the existing asphalt surface is structurally unsound, has drainage issues that require re-grading to correct, or when the elevation of the surface cannot be increased.

Paving Gravel:

This is the process of paving over an existing gravel base. Gravel driveways are a mud hole in the winter, a dustbowl in the summer and most people eventually get tired of wasting money on gravel and having to dodge potholes and fill-in washouts after a hard rain or snow. A paved driveway adds beauty and value to your home and provides kids a safe place to ride bikes and play.

Usually the only real difference between the various types of asphalt paving jobs is the prep work that’s required, and like the installation, it has to be done correctly. Shown below is an overview of how we typically prep and install our asphalt driveways.

Recap prep work:

Step 1

Paving

The asphalt is removed at garage floors and walkways, as needed  for a flush tie in of the new asphalt surface.

Step 2

Paving

Holes, failed areas, low  spots and uneven areas  are repaired and leveled up with hot mix asphalt.

Step 3

Road construction

The driveway is edged, then air and broom cleaned to remove loose dirst and debris from the surface.

R&R prep work:

Step 1

Roller at work

The existing asphalt driveway is broken into little pieces, torn out and removed down to the gravel base.

Step 2

Roller at work

The broken pieces of asphalt are loaded into one of our dump trucks, then hauled off and disposed of.

Step 3

Paving

Thr gravel base is graded and compacted with a vibrating roller to form level and solid foundation.

Gravel prep work:

Step 1

Paving

If the existing gravel base has worn thin in places, we dress it up, as needed with new crushed gravel base.

Step 2

Roller at work

The gravel base is graded and leveled out with a skidsteer, then fine tuned with hand tools.

Step 3

Roller at work

The gravel base is compacted with an industrial vibrating roller, to form a rock solid foundation.

Asphalt Installation:

Step 1

Paving

Our own full time experienced crew installs the asphalt with a heated self propelled paver and hand tools.

Step 2

Roller at work

The hot asphalt is compacted with an industrial, steel drum, vibrating roller, to form a hard surface.

Step 3

road construstion

The vertical edges are hand finished and compacted for maximum durability and neat appearance.